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Leveraged buyout (LBO) model

Leveraged buyout (LBO) model


The purpose of the model is to enable the user to plan the acquistion of a company with the option of using debt to fund the acquisition. This is often referred to as a leveraged buyout or LBO. This is a perfect model for private equity (PE) and venture capital (VC) investment planning



Integrated Financial Statements including Income Statement, Balance Sheet and Cash Flow for the target acquisition company (Ops), the "New company" making the acquisition (Bidco) and the newly consolidated & combined entity (Consol). There is an additional output (Elims) containing all of the elimanation required to consolidate the new entitites e.g. Goodwill.

Dashboard including key summary financials, results, sales split, sources & uses & exit, and valuation and IRR



The model has a monthly timeline that runs for 8 years

There are annual summaries

A flexible model start date and flexible forecast start date

The ability to include both historical actual data and produce forecast data

The ability to enter historical Profit and Loss balance and an Opening Balance sheet



The ability to update the model units

The model provides check and commercial alert messages to assist the user

Commercial alerts include reminders that there may not be enough cash to pay deferred consideration or to pay dividends



The user enters operations (described below) for the target company (Ops) along with the transaction assumptions (Bidco). The Consol sheet combines the Ops with the Bidco and makes the appropriate eliminations (Elims)



Enter and name up to 3 different revenue streams

Sales entered annually and spread over a 12 month period (based on a user defined seasonality trend)


Cost of sales

Split by those related to direct employee costs and non-employee related direct costs

Employee based direct costs are based on direct headcount staff, their average salary, social security and pension cost assumptions

Non-employee related direct costs are calculated on a gross margin assumption


Administration costs

Split by rent and rates costs, indirect staff costs, office costs, maintenance and repair costs, professional fees and other adjustments

Rent costs are entered annually and the user has the option of triggering prepayments or paid in the month

Business rates/taxes are entered annually, spread evenly over the year and paid monthly

Indirect staff costs are based on average annual headcount multiplied average salary, pension and bonuses

All other administration costs are entered annually and spread over the month


Fixed assets

Capital expenditure is entered annually and spread on a monthly basis

Depreciation is calculated on a straight-line basis


Working capital

Includes stock, debtors, creditors and VAT (sales tax)

Stock is calculated on a inventory days assumption based on direct non-employee related costs

Trade debtors is calculated on a debtor days assumption and based on total sales

Trade creditors is calculated on a creditor days assumption and includes direct non-employee related cost of sales, non-employee and non-prepayment related administration expenses, and capital expenditure

VAT/sales taxes are based on a percentage of non-employee related costs and are paid based on flexible payment flags


Income/corporation tax

Enter an effective tax rate and manually enter the tax payments

The user will also have the option to enter transaction tax benefits (refer to the transaction section within the model)



Interest rates are entered annually for both cash balance and overdraft balances



Manually entered dividend distribution

Commercial alerts will be triggered where there isn't enough cash to pay dividends


Transaction details

Enter planned transaction date

User defined what happens to existing cash in the business and outstanding taxes/liabilities

User enters price of the acquisition (based on user defined adjusted EBITDA and the multiple of EBITDA), the transaction costs and the preferred equity injection (note that the commercial alerts will warn the user if increased equity injection is required)

User enters target exit assumptions from the acquistion including exit date, the multiple and transaction costs

Acquisition financing assumptions include senior debt and deferred consideration

Senior debt includes the drawdown amount, arrangement fee, term of the loan, type of amortisation, interest margin, interest roll up option and the base rate

Deferred consideration include the amount, the minimum cash balance required to remain in the business in order to pay the consideration and the manually entered deferred consideration payment.




Ability to enter a date on which the valuation is taken

User enters a terminal growth rate

The discount rate is built up from multiple assumptions and is calculated using a weighted average cost of capital calculation (WACC)

Valuation is calculated using the net present value methodology

  • T&Cs

    Refer to T&Cs page for the Terms and Conditions of the sale

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